The efforts to increasing the quantity and quality of rice production are obstructed by the paddy disease. This research attempted to identify the four major paddy diseases in Indonesia (leaf blast, brown spot, bacterial leaf blight, and tungro) using fractal descriptors to analyze the texture of the lesions. The lesion images were extracted manually. The descriptors of `S’ component of each lesion images then used in classification process using probabilistic neural networks. This techniques achieved at least 83.00% accuracy when identifying the diseases.