A vehicle that is powered entirely or partially by electricity is referred to as an electric car. Electric cars are simple to maintain and have fewer moving parts. Due to the fact that they don’t utilize any fossil fuels like gasoline, diesel, or even petrol, they are also incredibly environmentally friendly. Instead of a combustion engine, electric vehicles utilize an electric motor that is powered by a rechargeable battery pack. The car’s fitted rechargeable batteries need to be recharged sometimes. These batteries are utilized to not only power the vehicle but also to power the wipers and lights.
ADVANTAGES OF ELECTRIC VEHICLES:
Lower running costs- Compared to a comparable petrol or diesel vehicle, an electric vehicle has significantly reduced operating costs. Instead of using fossil fuels like gasoline or diesel to charge their batteries, electric vehicles use electricity. Due to their greater efficiency and the lower cost of power, charging an electric car is more affordable than purchasing gasoline or diesel for your travel needs. The use of electric vehicles can be more environmentally benign when powered by renewable energy sources. If charging is done with the aid of renewable energy sources installed at home, such as solar panels, the cost of electricity can be further decreased.
Low cost of maintenance- Because they have fewer moving parts than internal combustion engines, electric cars require very less maintenance. Compared to typical petrol or diesel automobiles, electric cars require less maintenance. As a result, operating an electric vehicle has a very low annual cost.
No noise pollution- As there is no engine beneath the hood, electric vehicles can operate in silence. A silent vehicle has no engine. You have to look into your instrument panel to see if the electric motor is on because it runs so quietly. Manufacturers must add fake sounds to electric vehicles because they are so silent to keep pedestrians safe.
Convenience of charging at home- If you are running late to work and you are at a busy gas station during peak hours. The use of an electric car can readily solve these issues. Just leave your car plugged into the charger at home for four to five hours before you go. It is incredibly simple to schedule your trips in advance if you can find a charger near where you park at home. What if one day you forget to plug in your device? If you are riding a two-wheeler on the road, you may then easily use rapid chargers or even battery changing services.
DISADVANTAGES OF ELECTRIC VEHICLE
Recharge Points- The development of electric fueling stations is still in its early phases. Since there aren’t many locations you frequent on a regular basis that offer electric fueling stations for your car, it could be more difficult to find a charging station if you’re on a long trip or decide to visit family in a rural or suburban region and run out of energy. It’s possible that you’re stranded. To ensure you can charge your new EV when you need to, make sure to have a charging station map of the areas you visit and where you live until charging stations are more prevalent.
Longer Recharge Time- While filling up your gasoline-powered car only takes a few minutes, completely charging an electric vehicle can take up to a day. Because it takes so long to recharge them, you need dedicated power stations. Therefore, some people are turned off by the time commitment and required planning. There are kits that help speed up the charging process. But once more, that will require additional funding. Think about that as well.
The Initial Investment is Steep- You might be taken aback when you look at the sticker price for EVs due to how new they are. Even the most budget-friendly brands can cost between $30,000 and $40,000. If you want a luxury choice, expect to pay $80,000 or even more. Despite the fact that technology is developing and the cost to produce electric cars is declining, you must still pay between $10,000 and $50,000 more for an EV than for a gas-powered vehicle.
Short Driving Range and Speed- Range and speed restrictions apply to electric vehicles. The majority of these vehicles have a range of between 50 and 100 miles before they require recharging. They simply cannot be used for lengthy trips at this time, but improvements are anticipated in the future.