2017 – 2018 Java IEEE Projects: Scalable Algorithms for Multi-Instance Learning
Multi-instance learning (MIL) has been widely applied to diverse applications involving complicated data objects, such as images and genes. However, most existing MIL algorithms can only handle small- or moderate-sized data. In order to deal with large-scale MIL problems, we propose MIL based on the vector of locally aggregated descriptors representation (miVLAD) and MIL based on the Fisher vector representation (miFV), two efficient and scalable MIL algorithms. They map the original MIL bags into new vector representations using their corresponding mapping functions. The new feature representations keep essential bag-level information, and at the same time lead to excellent MIL performances even when linear classifiers are used. Thanks to the low computational cost in the mapping step and the scalability of linear classifiers, miVLAD and miFV can handle large-scale MIL data efficiently and effectively. Experiments show that miVLAD and miFV not only achieve comparable accuracy rates with the state of-the-art MIL algorithms, but also have hundreds of times faster speed. Moreover, we can regard the new miVLAD and miFV representations as multiview data, which improves the accuracy rates in most cases. In addition, our algorithms perform well even when they are used without parameter tuning (i.e., adopting the default parameters), which is convenient for practical MIL applications.