ENERGY EFFICIENT MULTIPATH ROUTING PROTOCOL FOR MOBILE AD-HOC NETWORK USING THE FITNESS FN

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ABSTRACT 

 

Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) is a collection of wireless mobile nodes that dynamically form a temporary network without the reliance on any infrastructure or central administration. Energy consumption is considered as one of the major limitations in MANET, as the mobile nodes do not possess permanent power supply and have to rely on batteries, thus reducing network lifetime as batteries get exhausted very quickly as nodes move and change their positions rapidly across MANET. The research proposed in this paper highlights this very specific problem of energy consumption in MANET by applying the Fitness Function technique to optimize the energy consumption in Ad Hoc On Demand Multipath Distance Vector (AOMDV) routing protocol. The proposed protocol is called Ad Hoc On Demand Multipath Distance Vector with the Fitness Function (FF-AOMDV). The fitness function is used to find the optimal path from the source to the destination to reduce the energy consumption in multipath routing. The performance of the proposed FF-AOMDV protocol was evaluated by using Network Simulator Version 2 (NS-2), where the performance was compared with AOMDV and Ad Hoc On Demand Multipath Routing with Life Maximization (AOMR-LM) protocols, the two most popular protocols proposed in this area.

 

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EXISTING SYSTEM

 

Multipath routing protocols enable the source node to choose the best route among many routes during a single route discovery process. This process in multipath routing will decrease the number of route discovery processes since there are backup routes already available and in case one route fails will reduce the end-to-end delay, energy consumption and the network lifetime.

 

DISADVANATAGE

  • The issues of energy consumption and path distance from the source to the destination in MANET. They proposed a multipath routing protocol based on AOMDV called as, Power Aware Ad-hoc On Demand Multipath Distance Vector (PAAOMDV).
  • Even though energy saving and path duration and stability are two contrasting efforts and to satisfy both of them can be very difficult. The authors proposed a novel routing strategy which tries to account for link stability with a minimum rate of energy consumption.

 

PROPOSED SYSTEM

 

We proposed a new energy efficient multipath routing algorithm called FF-AOMDV simulated using NS-2 under three different scenarios, varying node speed, packet size and simulation time. These scenarios were tested by five (5) performance metrics (Packet delivery ratio, Throughput, End-to-end-delay, Energy consumption and Network lifetime). Simulation results showed that the proposed FF-AOMDV algorithm has performed much better than both AOMR-LM and AOMDV in throughput, packet delivery ratio and end-to-end delay. It also performed well against AOMDV for conserving more energy and better network lifetime.

 

ADVANATAGAE

 

  • Energy consumption and Network lifetime). Simulation results showed that the proposed FF-AOMDV algorithm has performed much better than both AOMR-LM and AOMDV in throughput, packet delivery ratio and end-to-end delay. 
  • It also performed well against AOMDV for conserving more energy and better network lifetime
  • In this case the calculations for selecting routes towards the destination will be according to energy, distance and bandwidth.

 

SYSTEM SPECIFICATION

HARDWARE SPECIFICATION

 

  • System             : Pentium IV 2.4 GHz.
  • Hard Disk          : 40 GB.
  • Floppy Drive       : 1.44 Mb.
  • Monitor             : 15 VGA Colour.
  • Mouse              : Logitech.
  • Ram                : 2 Gb.

 

SOFTWARE SPECIFICATION

 

  • Operating system     : Windows XP/7.
  • Coding Language      : ASP.net, C#.net
  • Tool                        : Visual Studio 2010
  • Database                 : SQL SERVER 2008

 

ALGORITHM

AOMDV Algorithm 

 

1:Select the Source and Destination. 

2: Source Initialize the route Discovery. 

3: Broadcast the Routing Packet to direct nodes. 

4: Update the routing information in the Source Routing Table.

 

REFERENCES 

 

[1] Macker, J. (1999). Mobile ad hoc networking (MANET): Routing protocol performance issues and evaluation considerations. 

[2] Giordano, S. (2002). Mobile ad hoc networks. Handbook of wireless networks and mobile computing, 325-346. 

[3] Perkins, C. E. (2001). Ad hoc networking: an introduction, Ad hoc networking. 

[4] Zheng, S., Weiqiang, W. U., & Zhang, Q. (2011). Energy and link-state based routing protocol for MANET. IEICE TRANSACTIONS on Information and Systems, 94(5), 1026-1034. 

[5] Marina, M. K., & Das, S. R. (2006). Ad hoc on‚Äźdemand multipath distance vector routing. Wireless communications and mobile computing, 6(7).



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